Baltic Marine Environment
Protection Commission

Sufficiency of measures

The aim of the sufficiency of measures (SOM) analysis is to assess what kind of improvements in environmental state and pressures can be achieved with existing measures by 2030-2035, and whether these are sufficient to achieve good environmental status (GES) in the Baltic Sea. The information will be used to support the update of the BSAP and identification of new measures.

This is the first time the sufficiency of measures is assessed in this extent in the Baltic Sea region. It brings together natural and social sciences approaches and addresses multiple environmental topics (birds, mammals, fish, benthic habitats, hazardous substances, marine litter, underwater noise, non-indigenous species and input of nutrients). The same approach is applied across all topics to ensure comparability and coherence.

Sufficiency of measures analysis is carried out by the HELCOM SOM Platform and HELCOM ACTION project.

Components of the SOM analysis 

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Background document


More information/contacts:

  • Heini Ahtiainen – Heini.Ahtiainen(at), +358 40 621 3612
  • Luke Dodd – Luke.Dodd(at)