Governments and intergovernmental organisations
Intergovernmental Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic and North Sea (ASCOBANS)
ASCOBANS was concluded in 1991 under the auspices of the Convention on Migratory Species (UNEP/CMS or Bonn Convention) and entered into force in 1994. The Agreement covers the marine environment of the Baltic and North Seas. The aim is to protect all small cetaceans, i.e. any species, subspecies or population of toothed whales Odontoceti found within the area of the agreement, except the sperm whale Physeter macrocephalus.
Baltic 21 – An Agenda for the Baltic Sea Region
Baltic 21 is a joint, long-term effort by the 11 countries of the Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS). The Baltic 21 process aims at sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region – encompassing economic, social and environmental aspects.
Baltic Pilotage Authorities Commission (BPAC)
Baltic Pilotage Authorities Commission (BPAC) is a governmental organisation of and a work forum for pilotage authorities of the countries adjacent to the Baltic Sea and Norway.
The aim of this work forum is to enhance maritime and shipping safety in the Baltic Sea region, to share experiences between the pilotage areas and in cooperation with national authorities and pilot organisations to forward recommendations and influence the decision making in areas concerning pilotage in the Baltic Sea.
Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference (BSPC)
Since 1991 the BSPC has established itself as an equal partner of international institutions and forums in Europe and support regional and sub-regional co-operation beyond national borders.
According to its objectives BSPC shall aim at strengthening the common identity of the Baltic Sea Region by close co-operation between national and regional parliaments. BSPC shall initiate and guide political activities in the region and further regional co-operation especially towards the Council of Baltic Sea States.
Black Sea Commission (BSC)
The Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (the Black Sea Commission or BSC) via its Permanent Secretariat is the intergovernmental body established in implementation of the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (Bucharest Convention), its Protocols and the Strategic Action Plan for the Environmental Protection and Rehabilitation of the Black Sea (latest version adopted in 2009).
The Agreement for Cooperation in Dealing with Pollution of the North Sea by oil and Other Harmful Substances (Bonn Agreement) deals with oil pollution and aerial surveillance for the detection of operational/illegal spills.
The Bonn Agreement and the Helsinki Convention have certain common aims related to co-operation in combating marine pollution, including: – measures to maintain adequate ability to respond to pollution incidents at sea by oil and other harmful substances; and – aerial surveillance activities as an aid to detecting and combating such pollution as well as preventing violations of anti-pollution regulations.
The Great Lakes Commission
The Great Lakes Commission is a binational agency that promotes the orderly, integrated and comprehensive development, use and conservation of the water and related natural resources of the North American Great Lakes basin and St. Lawrence River. Its members include the eight US states surrounding the Great Lakes, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Québec with associate member status.
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO
The work of the IOC focuses on promoting marine scientific investigations and related ocean services, with a view to learning more about the nature and resources of the oceans.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) serves as the world’s central intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical co-operation in the peaceful use of nuclear technology. It was established as an autonomous organization under the United Nations (UN) in 1957.
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
ICES is a leading forum for the promotion, coordination, and dissemination of research on the physical, chemical, and biological systems in the North Atlantic and advice on human impact on its environment, in particular fisheries effects in the Northeast Atlantic. It is the oldest intergovernmental marine science organization in the world, founded in 1902.
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
The International Maritime Organization is the United Nations specialized agency responsible for improving maritime safety and preventing pollutions from ships. It also is involved in legal matters, including liability and compensation issues and the facilitation of international maritime traffic.
The Nordic Environment Finance Corporation (NEFCO) is an International Financial Institution established by the Nordic Governments in 1990. NEFCO provides results-based green financing to small and medium-sized projects within the private- and public sector.
The main priorities for NEFCO are:
– to continue its successful activities targeting the reduction of pollutants affecting the Baltic Sea and the Arctic and Barents regions
– to enhance its existing activities and initiate new interventions related to the promotion of Green Growth and to further prevent Climate Change.
Oslo and Paris Commissions (OSPAR)
The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR Convention) replaced the Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft (Oslo Convention) and the Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources (Paris Convention). It aims to protect the marine environment of the North East Atlantic, i.e. prevent and eliminate pollution, protect human health and ensure sound and healthy marine ecosystems.
The African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) is an agreement under the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, commonly referred to as the Bonn Convention. The AEWA created a legal basis for concerted conservation and management policy of the Range States for Migratory Waterbirds.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) encourages sustainable development through sound environmental practices everywhere. Its activities cover a wide range of issues, from atmosphere and terrestrial ecosystems, the promotion of environmental science and information, to an early warning and emergency response capacity to deal with environmental disasters and emergencies.
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE)
The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) is one of five regional commissions of the United Nations. Its primary goal is to encourage greater economic cooperation among its member States. It focuses on economic analysis, environment and human settlements, statistics, sustainable energy, trade, industry and enterprise development, timber and transport.
World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations with primary responsibility for international health matters and public health. WHO/Europe (the WHO Regional Office for Europe) is one of six regional offices throughout the world, each with its own programme geared to the particular health problems of the countries it serves.
World Meteorological Organization
The World Meteorological Organization coordinates global scientific activity to allow increasingly prompt and accurate weather information and other services for public, private and commercial use. WMO’s activities contribute to the safety of life and property, the socio-economic development of the protection of the environment.