The third HELCOM holistic assessment (HOLAS 3) provides a comprehensive overview of the ecosystem health of the Baltic Sea, covering the assessment period of 2016–2021.
The results of HOLAS 3 will be published in stages. In April 2023, four thematic assessments will be released, covering the topics of economic and social analyses; spatial distribution of pressures and impacts; hazardous substances, marine litter, underwater noise and non-indigenous species; and biodiversity (excluding chapter 4). The fifth thematic assessment on eutrophication, as well as the complete biodiversity assessment, are set to be released in June 2023. The summary report, State of the Baltic Sea 2023, will be published in the autumn of 2023, together with a dedicated State of the Baltic Sea – website.
The HOLAS 3 reports highlight a broad range of aspects, covering the state of the ecosystem, environmental pressures, and human well-being. HOLAS 3 contributes to a vast sharing of knowledge, and to the development of knowledge, both within and across topics. The assessments will also serve to keep track of the implementation and the effectiveness of the Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP). The reports are a major joint effort of the HELCOM countries, and they are a key pillar of HELCOM work and policy making.
Summary report 2023
State of the Baltic Sea – Third HELCOM holistic assessment 2016–2021 (due in autumn 2023)
Thematic assessments 2023
HELCOM Thematic assessment of economic and social analyses 2016-2021
HELCOM Thematic assessment of spatial distribution of pressures and impacts 2016-2021
HELCOM Thematic assessment of hazardous substances, marine litter, underwater noise and non-indigenous species 2016-2021
HELCOM Thematic assessment of biodiversity 2016-2021*
HELCOM Thematic assessment of eutrophication 2016-2021
*Provided as pre-publication version while undergoing layout