As of 19 May 2020, HELCOM has 63 observers contributing actively to the protection of the Baltic Sea, of which
- two governments,
- 18 intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) and
- 43 international non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
Applying for observer status
Intergovernmental and international non-governmental organisations may apply for observer status to the Helsinki Commission. An organisation must show that it can contribute to matters dealt with by HELCOM, that it has a membership in a wide number of the Baltic Coastal States and an organised internal structure. HELCOM may also invite any state, not party to the Helsinki Convention, to be represented at its meetings.