Baltic Marine Environment
Protection Commission

Land Based Pollution Group

Note that as of September 2014 onwards, the functions of LAND Group are handled by Pressure group.

Most of the pollution in the Baltic Sea originates from sources on land. The Baltic has for centuries been used as a huge natural treatment plant for the wastes generated around its catchment area, which is nowadays home to almost 85 million people, and characterised by intensive industrial and agricultural development.


The Land-based Pollution Group is responsible for reducing pollution from all sources on land within the Baltic Seas catchment area. HELCOM LAND identifies point and diffuse sources of land-based pollution of nutrients and hazardous substances, and proposes suitable actions in order to reduce these emissions and discharges. HELCOM LAND also works to promote environmentally sound practices and technologies – Best Available Techniques (BAT) and Best Environmental Practices (BEP). 


1. Eutrophication and hazardous substances

The objective is to reduce inputs of nutrients, especially from diffuse sources such as agriculture and transport and to pursue the cessation target for discharges, emissions and losses of hazardous substance by 2020.

2. Implementation of the Baltic Sea Joint Comprehensive Environmental Action Programme (JCP)

The objective is to facilitate the implementation of pollution reduction measures at the most polluted sites in the Baltic Sea catchment area maintaining the high external profile of the JCP concept and the “Hot Spot” label and complete the JCP by 2012 at the latest.

See also action areas!