The COMBINE Manual is directed to
perform monitoring to quantify impacts of nutrients and hazardous substances in
the marine environment and to measure chemical and hydrographic parameters.
The COMBINE Manual is currently under review. Revised guidelines will be incorporated as part of the Monitoring Manual by 2016.
(Data collected under COMBINE can be downloaded from ICES Oceanographic database. Monitoring data can be also visualized and downloaded in the ICES EcoSystemData map service.)
Guidelines for Monitoring of Radioactive Substances for discharges and
radioactivity in the marine environment are updated annually by the HELCOM MORS
Expert Group. The monitoring quantifies the sources and inputs of artificial
radionuclides, as well as the resulting trends in the various compartments of
the marine environment (water, biota, sediment).
Guidelines for monitoring of
the waterborne pollution load is carried out according to PLC-Water
Guidelines. The monitoring
quantifies emissions of nutrients and hazardous substances to the air,
discharges and losses to inland surface waters, and the resulting air and
waterborne inputs to the sea.
monitoring of coastal fish is carried out following the Guidelines for Coastal Fish Monitoring.
monitoring of seal abundance is carried out following the Guidelines for Seal Abundance Monitoring.
The monitoring of marine wintering birds is carried out following the Guidelines for coordinated cost-effective monitoring of marine wintering birds.
Library of all HELCOM Manuals and guidelines